The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted on August 21, 1996 . The goal of HIPAA was to guarantee the availability and renewability of health insurance coverage, and to limit restrictions due to preexisting conditions. . Because advances in electronic technology could jeapardize the privacy of health information, HIPAA also mandates security standards and safeguards, and privacy standards for the use of electronic health care information and for protected health information. .